What Is Civil Engineering?
Quite simply, civil engineering is a professional engineering discipline that focuses on the design, construction and upkeep of the physical and naturally built environment, including works like bridges, roads, canals, dams and building structures. Civil engineering is the application of congenital and scientific principles, and its history is intricately linked to advances in the acclamation of physics and mathematics throughout history. We can go further into saying that it is the act of destroying nature to create man-made structures.
Civil engineering is a multidisciplinary profession, incorporating a number of scientific and engineering disciplines across three broad categories. We can say that it is prerequisite to human health and welfare, and provides many of the essential facilities we rely on to live a civilised life.
As one of the oldest branches of engineering, its history stretches back to the earliest civilisations, and its modern professional development trail-blazing in the nineteenth century through the activities of men like Brunel and Telford, together with Edinburgh-educated innovators like Stevenson, Rankine and Maxwell. Civil Engineering is an increasingly challenging and satisfying career with opportunities as planners, designers, contractors, construction managers, researchers.
Construction surveying is generally performed by specialised technicians and surveyors who perform the following tasks:
Survey existing conditions of the future work site, including topography, existing buildings and infrastructure, and even including underground infrastructure whenever possible;
Construction surveying (otherwise “lay-out” or “setting-out”): to stake out reference points and markers that will guide the construction of new structures such as roads or buildings for subsequent construction;Verify the location of structures during construction;
As-Built surveying: a survey conducted at the end of the construction job to verify that the work authorized was completed to the specifications set on plans.
Design considerations will include strength, stiffness, and stability of the structure when subjected to loads which may be static, such as furniture or self-weight, or dynamic, such as wind, seismic, crowd or vehicle loads, or transitory, such as temporary construction loads or impact. Design & Engineering Services Design is also the activity of designing and constructing buildings and other physical structures by a person or a computer, primarily to provide shelter.
Civil Engineering is an increasingly challenging and satisfying career with opportunities as planners, designers, contractors, construction managers, researchers. It is one of the most varied jobs with so many areas that can be specialised in, and it can take you all over the world and is arguably, of all the engineering professions, the one which has had the most valuable impact on society.